Architecture consists of the designing, planning, and construction of buildings and other structures. There are many different styles of architecture, as architectural achievements have greatly advanced over time. Often, architectural works are considered works of art and even cultural symbols. Different architectural styles are characterized by notable features and elements such as building materials, method of construction, lighting methods, and form. Over time, as beliefs change, and new ideas, technology, and materials are developed, new architectural styles are able to come to fruition.
- Architectural Types, Styles, and Historical Periods
- The Architectural Style Guide
- Building Styles Subject Guide
- Architecture Styles List
- An Architectural Styles LibGuide
Neolithic, or stone age, architecture includes some of the oldest buildings known to have been made by mankind. Neolithic cultures used stone tools extensively in creating their structures. Neolithic structures can be found in the areas of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers among other places.
- Neolithic Architecture: Castles
- Early Neolithic Wall Construction Techniques
- Examples of Neolithic Architecture
In Medieval architecture, the Latin cross plan was very common for religious structures. Castles with fortified walls were also commonplace in Medieval architecture.
- Architecture of Gothic Medieval Cathedrals
- Medieval Architecture Briefing
- Medieval Architecture Described
Gothic architecture first started appearing during the later part of the Renaissance period. Gothic architecture characteristics include ribbed vaults, pointed arches, and flying buttresses.
- The Seven Key Characteristics of Gothic Architecture
- Collegiate Gothic Style Overview
- Gothic Art and Architecture
Romanesque architecture includes the use of arches, and repeating shapes and proportions. Geometric patterns and common shapes as well as vaulted ceilings are signs of Romanesque architecture.
Baroque architecture dates back to 17th century Europe. It was characterized by grandeur, magnificence, and richness in scale, design, and invention. It was in Italy that Baroque architecture first emerged.
Victorian architecture is known for its highly intricate and decorative styles. There are many styles that are described as Victorian, some of which include Queen Anne, Victorian Gothic, and Romanesque Revival.
- A Guide to Major Architectural Styles: Victorian Houses
- The Victorian Age As Seen Through Architecture
- The Victorian Web: An Overview
The term Modern architecture can be applied to a large scope of design styles. Modern architecture uses the principles that underlie architectural design with the modernization of society and fast paced technological advancement.
- The Initiative to Conserve Modern Architecture
- Ten Attributes That Define Modern Architecture
- The Modern Architecture Preservation Project
Renaissance architecture is characterized by simplicity and balanced proportions. Domes, and rounded arches were revived during the Renaissance.
- Early Renaissance Architecture
- Renaissance: Symmetry, Shape, Size
- Intro to Renaissance Art and Architecture
The creation of Art Deco architecture was fairly short lived. Characterized by geometric shapes and hard edged, low relief designs, Art Deco architecture was created through collaboration with artists, architects, and others.
Islamic architecture was popular at all times throughout history in Islamic areas. This style of architecture is characterized by mosaics, extravagant use of color, and the use of tiles.